Climate Action Law

Climate Action Law

The new Framework Climate Action Law establishes a regulatory framework for achieving climate neutrality by 2050. It aligns with the Paris Agreement, ratified by Law No. 78 of May 4, 2017, and aims to fulfill long-term goals for reducing global temperature and adapting to climate change.

The law stipulates the need for the development and implementation of regulations within 18 months of its publication. It covers anthropogenic emissions and their sequestration through greenhouse gas sinks. It includes sectors such as industry, agriculture, and waste management.

Objectives of the Law

  1. Development and Implementation of Programmatic Documents: The law mandates the development and implementation of documents aimed at achieving national climate and energy objectives, in accordance with the Paris Agreement and the Treaty Establishing the Energy Community.
  2. Financial Planning: Ensuring the planning of financial resources to achieve low-carbon development and enhance climate resilience.
  3. Monitoring and Reporting: Providing comprehensive, up-to-date, and transparent monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions and reporting on progress made.
  4. Access to Information: Ensuring public access to information on the planning and implementation of emission reduction measures and climate change adaptation.

To achieve intermediate climate goals by 2030, the law establishes the following principles:

  • Climate neutrality by 2050.
  • Fair and sustainable emission reductions.
  • Prevention of environmental pollution.
  • The precautionary principle.
  • The “polluter pays” principle.
  • A fair and equitable transition.
  • Joint obligations for planning, reporting, and monitoring.
  • Transparency and accessibility of information.

The annex to the Climate Action Law specifies the types of activities covered by the financial mechanism for CO₂ emission pricing, including fuel combustion in stationary installations, aviation, and maritime transport.